Varieties of tea and its incredible health benefits
The birthplace of tea is China. Tea has a long history and is steeped in traditions from around the world, making it the second most popular and consumed drink in the world next to water. There are different types of teas and endless variations and flavors. Beyond refreshment, people like and love teas for its incredible health benefits.
Camellia sinensis is a species of evergreen shrub whose leaves and leaf buds are used to produce tea. While all teas produced from this plant, there exist thousands of kinds of teas across the world with their own individual appearance, taste, aroma and health benefits. Today, there are different categories of tea available such as green, white, oolong, rooibos and black tea etc.
White tea is the purest and least processed of all teas. The leaves are simply left to wither and dry on their own that tends to have the most delicate flavors and aromas. Antioxidants found in white tea to have many health benefits including boosting cardiovascular health, helping to lower cholesterol, reducing the risk of cancer such as lung cancer and enhancing weight loss and anti-ageing.
Green tea is the most popular type of tea, is unoxidized, and has less caffeine compare to other teas. To prevent oxidization, the leaves are heat processed to eliminate the enzyme responsible for oxidization.
This is generally done by roasting the leaves. There are a wide variety of green teas available around the world, some of popular varieties are matcha, tencha, gyokuro etc. Intake of green tea regularly have many health benefits such as lower blood pressure, improve bone density, help prevent diabetes and insulin resistance, improve blood flow and lower cholesterol by fat burning and improves physical performance.
Oolong (pronounced as wu long) is a traditional Chinese tea produced through a process including withering the plant under strong sun, larger leaves are picked, withered, rolled, oxidized, and then fired. The term in Chinese actually means “Black Dragon”. This tea varies based on region and create different flavors. Some of famous varieties are Dong ding and tai guan yin. Similar to green tea, oolong tea contains several vitamins, minerals and helpful antioxidants. The presence of theanine, an amino acid responsible for the tea’s relaxing effect. The antioxidants found in oolong tea may help keep your teeth and bones strong. Addition to that, it may also strengthen tooth enamel and reduce the formation of dental plaque.
Black tea is what most of us have grown up drinking. Full-bodied and strong, black tea tastes great alone or can be had with milk and sugar. Assam, Darjeeling, Nigiri, and Sri Lanka are a few well-known black teas producing regions. Black tea is grown and processed all over the world in varying geographies and climates. Black tea is more oxidized compare to oolong, green and white teas. Boosts heart health, lowers ovarian cancer risk, helps faster digestion, kills bacteria and improves mental alertness are some health benefits from black tea consumption. Adding lemon to black tea, called as Lemon tea make tea healthier and tastier to drink.